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Wild Plant Diversity in Punjab

Taxon Approx. No. of Species % of species in Punjab with reference to India
Algae 397 5.2
Fungi 498 7.5
Lichens 21 --
Bryophytes 34 1.3
Pteridophytes 48 4.7
Gymnosperms 21 32.8 (including cultivated)
Angiosperms 1939 12.9
Source: Strategy and Action plan for Conservation of Biodiversity, Punjab



Domesticated Plant Diversity in Punjab

Crops Pre-green revolution varieties Post-green revolution varieties No. of varieties in use
Wheat 41 37 13 (3 main)
Rice 31 18 9 (4 basmati)
Cotton 17 14 12
Maize 4 18 11
Sugarcane 11 10 6
Bajra 3 10 5
Pulses 18 34 24
Oil Seeds 8 27 19
Vegetables 35 spp. 148 var.  
Fruits 16 spp. 67 var.  
Orna- trees 216 spp.    
Source: Strategy and Action plan for Conservation of Biodiversity, Punjab

 

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